Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Contingencies And Guarantees

Contingencies And Guarantees
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Contingencies And Guarantees [Abstract]  
Contingencies And Guarantees
Note 10 - Contingencies and Guarantees
The Company is involved in lawsuits, claims, and proceedings, including those identified below, which arise in the ordinary course of business. In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 450 Contingencies, the Company will make a provision for a liability when it is both probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. The Company believes it has adequate provisions for any such matters. The Company reviews these provisions in conjunction with any related provisions on assets related to the claims at least quarterly and adjusts these provisions to reflect the impacts of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel and other pertinent information related to the case. Should developments in any of these matters outlined below cause a change in the Company’s determination as to an unfavorable outcome and result in the need to recognize a material provision, or, should any of these matters result in a final adverse judgment or be settled for significant amounts, they could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows, and financial position in the period or periods in which such a change in determination, settlement or judgment occurs.
The Company expenses legal costs relating to its lawsuits, claims and proceedings as incurred.
The Company has been named as a defendant in several legal actions and is subject to various risks and contingencies arising in the normal course of business. Based on consultation with counsel, management and legal counsel is of the opinion that the outcome of these uncertainties will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position.
The events that allegedly gave rise to the following claims occurred prior to the Company’s closing of the MPX Acquisition in February 2019 are as follows:
There is a claim from a former consultant against the Company, with respect to alleged consulting fees owed by MPX to the consultant, claiming the right to receive approximately $0.5 million and punitive damages. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the former consultant updated the claim to set forth the total damages claimed, which are $5.4 million, and provided supplemental disclosures which specify total damages sought, which are $167.0 million;
There is a claim from two former noteholders against the Company and MPX ULC, with respect to alleged payments of $1.3 million made by the noteholders to MPX, claiming the right to receive $115.0 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the claim was proposed to be amended to include additional damages of $10.0 million; and
There is a claim against the Company, MPX ULC and MPX, with respect to a prior acquisition made by MPX in relation to a subsidiary that was not acquired by the Company as part of the MPX Acquisition, claiming $3.0 million in connection with alleged contractual obligations of MPX.
In addition, the Company is currently reviewing the following matters with legal counsel and has not yet determined the range of potential losses:
There is a claim against the Company for damages of $22.0 million plus treble damages for shares owed to prior shareholders of GrowHealthy Holdings, LLC (“GHH”), in relation to the Company acquiring substantially all the assets of GHH.
On March 4, 2020, a security services firm filed a complaint against McCrory Sunny Hill Nursery, LLC (“McCrory”), GHHIA Management, Inc (“GHHIA”), GrowHealthy Properties, LLC (“GHP”), and iAnthus Holdings Florida, LLC (“IHF”), collectively, claiming $1.0 million in damages, as a result of an alleged breach of a contractual relationship by McCrory, GHHIA, GHP, and IHF.
On April 19, 2020,
an equity holder and one of the Unsecured Debentureholders of the Company in the principal amount of $5.0 million, filed a complaint with the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (the “USDC”) against the Company (the
is seeking damages for an unspecified amount and other remedies against the Company, for among other things, alleged breaches of provisions of the Unsecured Debentures and the related Debenture Purchase Agreement. On November 20, 2020, the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss the
Complaint. On June 29, 2020,
filed a claim in the Court, which mirrors the
Complaint. Refer to Note 4 for further discussion on the Unsecured Debentures.
On April 20, 2020, a shareholder filed a class action lawsuit with the USDC against the Company (the “Class Action Lawsuit”), and is seeking damages for an unspecified amount against the Company for alleged false and misleading statements regarding certain proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt, that were held in escrow to make interest payments in the event of default on such long-term debt. On July 9, 2020, the USDC issued an order consolidating the Class Action Lawsuit and the
Complaint and appointed a lead plaintiff (“Lead Plaintiff”). On September 4, 2020, the Lead Plaintiff filed a consolidated amended class action lawsuit against the Company (the “Amended Complaint”). On November 20, 2020, the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint.
On July 13, 2020, the Company announced the proposed Recapitalization Transaction. On September 14, 2020, at the meetings of Secured Lenders, Unsecured Debentureholders and the holder of the Company’s common shares, options and warrants (collectively, the “Securityholders”), the Securityholders voted in support of the Recapitalization Transaction. On October 5, 2020, the Company received final approval from the Court for the Plan of Arrangement. Completion of the Recapitalization Transaction is subject to, among other things, such other approvals, as may be required by the Court, and the receipt of all necessary regulatory approvals and approval by the Canadian Securities Exchange. As such, no amounts have been accrued with respect to the Recapitalization Transaction. On January 29, 2021, the notice of appeal with respect to the final approval for the Plan of Arrangement received by the Company on November 5, 2020 was dismissed by the British Columbia Court of Appeal.
On July 23, 2020, a proposed class action was issued in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Toronto against the Company, the Company’s former Chief Executive Officer, and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer. The plaintiff seeks to certify the proposed class action on behalf of all persons, other than any executive level employee of the Company and their immediate families, who acquired the Company’s common shares in the secondary market on or after May 30, 2019, and who held some or all of those securities until after the close of trading on April 5, 2020. Among other things, the plaintiff alleges statutory and common law misrepresentation, and seeks an unspecified amount of damages together with interest and costs. The certification motion and leave to proceed motion for a secondary market claim under the Securities Act (Ontario) have not yet been scheduled.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company filed a statement of claim against Oasis Investments II Master Fund Ltd. (“Oasis”), an Unsecured Debentureholder, in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. In response to the Company’s statement of claim, Oasis filed a defense and counterclaim, alleging that the Company breached certain debt covenants and is seeking an order that the Company repay the debt instrument in the amount of $25.0 million including interest and related fees. On July 13, 2020, in connection with the proposed Recapitalization Transaction, the Company agreed to discontinue with prejudice its litigation claim which it made on February 27, 2020 against Oasis (regardless of whether the Recapitalization Transaction is consummated), and Oasis has agreed, while the Restructuring Support Agreement is in effect, not to take any steps in connection with its counterclaim against the Company. In addition, the Company and Oasis have agreed that the counterclaim by Oasis against the Company will be dismissed as a condition of closing of the Recapitalization Transaction.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company received demand letters (the “Employee Demand Letters”) from two former employees, claiming combined damages of $1.2 million. Subsequent to March 31, 2021, the Company reached a settlement of less than $0.1 million with one of the employees claiming a total of $0.5 million; however, both parties are still in the process of negotiating a full and final settlement. The remaining claim for a total of $0.7 million is still outstanding. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself in this manner; however, the ultimate disposition is not known at this time.
On December 16, 2020, MPX New Jersey, LLC (“MPX NJ”) filed a complaint against the Company in the Superior Court of New Jersey Chancery Division—Monmouth County seeking preliminary and final injunctive relief. Subsequently, on February 3, 2021, the court issued an order, denying MPX NJ’s request for injunctive relief; provided, however, that the court ordered that the area of the Pleasantville, New Jersey cultivation facility currently growing and/or cultivating cannabis shall remain under the control of MPX NJ and be accessed under the supervision of MPX NJ. On March 11, 2021, MPX NJ, iAnthus Capital Management, LLC (“ICM”) and INJ executed a consent for a final judgement on the matter, which was ordered by the court on March 17, 2021. The final judgment ordered that: (i) MPX NJ’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction is denied in part for the reasons stated in the court’s February 3, 2021 order and for those reasons set forth by the court on the oral record; (ii) the area of the Pleasantville facility currently growing and/or cultivating cannabis shall remain under the control of MPX NJ and be accessed only under the supervision of or with the consent of MPX NJ; and (iii) the matter be closed and this order constitute the final judgment and order of the court; (iv) the parties expressly preserve all rights to appeal the court’s February 3, 2021 order denying MPX NJ’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction and granting MPX NJ certain relief, as well as the final order and judgment; and (v) in the event the February 3, 2021 order from the court is vacated on appeal, both the February 3, 2021 order and the final order and judgment is also vacated.
On January 13, 2021, a class action complaint was filed against iAnthus Empire Holdings, LLC (“IEH”) in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, alleging violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act relating to IEH’s alleged text message marketing. On February 1, 2021, the plaintiff filed a Notice of Dismissal Without Prejudice, dismissing all claims of the named, individual plaintiff and the unnamed members of the alleged class.
On April 13, 2021, Sean Zaboroski (“Zaboroski”) filed a Statement of Claim for a putative class action lawsuit against the Company, its former Chief Executive Officer, its current Interim Chief Executive Officer and its current Board of Directors (collectively, the “iAnthus Defendants”) alleging gross negligence on the part of the iAnthus Defendants. Zaboroski seeks to certify the proposed class on behalf of all persons, except the Company’s and Gotham Green Partners LLC’s affiliates, agents, officers, directors, senior employees, legal representatives, heirs, predecessors, successors and assigns, and any member of the individual defendants’ immediate families and any entity in which any of the foregoing has or had an interest, who were
holding shareholders of the Company from the date the Company defaulted on its obligations pursuant to the Debentures to the date the Plan of Arrangement was or is implemented (the “Proposed Class”). The Proposed Class does not include shareholders who acquired the Company’s shares in the secondary market on or after May 30, 2019 and who held some or all of those securities until after the close of trading on April 5, 2020. Zaboroski seeks an unspecified amount of damages, including punitive damages, together with costs and interest. Zaboroski’s certification motion has not yet been scheduled.